Outcomes of the first Forum
Outcomes of the first Forum

The 1st International Tiger Forum took place at the highest level in St. Petersburg on 21–24 November 2010, on the initiative of the Russian Federation and in furtherance of the Global Tiger Initiative, which was created under the auspices of the World Bank in 2008.

Two documents were adopted as a result of the Forum:

- the Declaration on Tiger Conservation;

- the Global Tiger Recovery Programme.

The main goal of the Global Tiger Recovery Programme is to reverse the rapid decline in the wild population that threatened its extinction, with the target of doubling the population across the tiger’s entire range by 2022. The aim was to achieve this goal not in any specific country, but across the entire habitat of the species, including through efforts to reintroduce tigers to suitable habitats where they had previously become extinct.

In recent years, countries falling within the tiger’s range have made significant contributions to the implementation of the Global Tiger Recovery Programme. All 13 countries in the tiger’s range have developed national programmes and strategies to preserve tiger populations. By the time that the 1st International Tiger Recovery Programme was convened, the Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment of the Russian Federation had approved order No. 25-r on the ‘Strategy for Conservation of the Amur Tiger in the Russian Federation’, dated 2 July 2010. The latest Strategy for Conservation of the Amur Tiger in the Russian Federation is expected to be adopted before the 2nd nternational Tiger Forum.

Efforts to protect the tiger population and its habitats have been strengthened in countries where tigers are present. The network of specially protected natural areas in the tiger’s habitat has been expanded. In Russia, 25% of the tiger range is now covered by specially protected natural area status.

The work of law enforcement agencies has been ramped up in a number of countries, preventing a significant number of illegal transactions of tiger derivatives.

The fight against poaching has also intensified. Several countries have introduced monitoring and reporting programmes that provide information on illegal activity and the results of patrols in specially protected natural areas.

Systematic efforts are being made to resolve conflicts between humans and tigers, and to provide environmental education for the public. Tiger Day is now celebrated globally on an annual basis. Bilateral and multilateral cooperation on the conversation and study of tigers is also improving.

The measures taken have led to an increase in the global tiger population. There were 3,200 tigers in the wild when the Global Tiger Recovery Programme was launched and, according to the results of monitoring efforts conducted throughout the tiger’s habitat in 2014–2015, that number had reached 3,890. Tiger population levels and trends nevertheless vary from country to country.

The intermediate results of implementing the Global Tiger Recovery Programme have been presented on a regular basis in a number of countries where tigers live at ministerial conferences (Bhutan, 2012; India, 2016; Malaysia, 2022), meetings between senior officials (India, 2012; Bangladesh, 2014); and expert sessions (Vietnam, 2011; China, 2013; India, 2016; Malaysia, 2016).