About the Amur tiger
About tigers
The Amur tiger Tiger range countries

The Amur tiger

Photo: Andrey Grachyov

The Amur tiger is the largest tiger subspecies by size.

The Amur tiger (Panthera tigris altaica) is the most northerly and largest tiger subspecies, and was once the most widespread member of the Felidae family in Asia. The tiger is at the top of the food chain, which is based on the coniferous and deciduous forests to the south of the Russian Far East.

The Russian Far East is currently home to 95% of the entire Amur tiger population. The Russian Federation therefore bears primary responsibility for the conservation of this large predator.

There are 39 specially protected natural areas representing a total area of around 4.7 million hectares in the tiger’s range, which accounts for 25% of the Amur tiger’s current range. These include 16 specially protected natural areas of federal significance.

According to a comprehensive survey of the Amur tiger population conducted in 2015, the total number of Amur tigers in the Far East stood at 523–540, of which 420–433 were adult tigers (the number of Amur tigers was estimated at 450 during the previous survey in 2005).

Annual monitoring data from 2020 estimated the number of tigers at 600 (data taken from the Amur Tiger Center).

Another comprehensive survey has been conducted during the 2021–2022 winter period, which will provide a better estimate of the current Amur tiger population. The results of the survey will be presented by September 2022.

Tiger range countries

Bangladesh, Bhutan, Cambodia, China, India, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, Nepal, North Korea, Russia, Thailand and Vietnam.

Kazakhstan is currently planning to restore its extinct Caspian tiger population.

The Amur tiger lives in China, North Korea and four Russian federal subjects:

Primorye Territory, Khabarovsk Territory, Amur Region, and the Jewish Autonomous Region.